To fulfill its role as a leading emerging donor in Cambodia, KOICA has the following strategic objectives:
- Active engagement in global efforts to address poverty and other key development challenges as identified in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
- Support Cambodia to achieve sustainable development through balancing economic growth with environmental stewardship
Country Partnership Strategy (CPS)
Until the 2007-08 financial crisis, Cambodia maintained very impressive levels of annual economic growth, nearing 10% growth rate on average for almost a decade. However, Cambodia continues to face significant challenges in terms of poverty rates, quality of physical infrastructure and the need to strengthen public services and governance.
This Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) details how Korea intends to assist Cambodia to achieve its development objectives. It outlines the volume of assistance and the sectors supported. Korea’s ODA has expanded in recent years, supporting projects in economic and social sectors such as transport, public administration and water resources management. The strategy is guided by aid effectiveness principles and anchored in strong planning procedures. Support is aligned around the priorities of the Cambodian government, and coordinated with the approaches of other donors. To ensure this, the strategy has a strong accountability dimension, with actions monitored and outcomes evaluated.
On that basis, the strategy will evolve over the period of its implementation (2012-2015) to take into account new priorities and lessons of evaluation findings. In short the strategy provides a concise account of Korea’s overall policy direction for its development cooperation with Cambodia.
As the importance of partner countries’ ownership and the cooperation with donor countries is increasing, KOICA, with its own Country Partnership Strategy (CPS), tries to align its work with Cambodian government’s development plan and donor’s code of practice to achieve the MDGs and sustainable development by mainly focusing on 4 priority sectors—agricultural & rural development, health, education, and infrastructure—in which Korea is the best suited with its experience of economic development and poverty reduction.
Agriculture and Rural Development
Support to improve agricultural productivity, diversification and water resources management to ensure food security, poverty reduction and economic growth
With approximately 80% of Cambodia’s population living in the devastated rural areas, KOICA believes that rural development is crucial to alleviate poverty and to enhance the quality of life in Cambodia. Moreover, agriculture can be a key to accelerate economic development in rural areas if it meets best suitable condition with water supply, agricultural skills, and people’s motivation to live a better life.
In this sector, KOICA focuses on the rehabilitation of irrigation systems, technical cooperation in agriculture, and the transmission of new village movement (Korea’s rural development campaign) in Cambodia.
Health and medical sector
Contribute to resolving inequality and imbalance in the healthcare and medical sector by improving access to and quality of healthcare services, especially focusing on maternal and child healthcare.
Like some other countries in the region, Cambodia’s healthcare development is very important for economic improvement. With limited healthcare facilities and qualified human resources, Cambodian people, especially those who are living in the rural areas, are facing the threat to their health and lives. In particular, infant mortality rate in 2008 is around 60 per 1,000 live births and the maternal mortality is 461 per 100,000 live births, which is a significantly high rate compared to developed countries.
In health sector, KOICA has been helping strengthen Cambodia’s health infrastructure by constructing hospitals and improving medical facilities. KOICA has also helped Cambodia develop their health policies by training medical professionals in Korea and dispatching Korean medical volunteers to work in Cambodia.
Human Resources Development (including TVET)
Support the development of high level human resources through systems and infrastructure building, especially focusing on skilled labor forces that meet labor market demands and create employment, to ultimately boost national competitiveness.
The Cambodian Government is investing a lot to develop qualified human resources for the development of Cambodia. The number of people, from the age of 7 to 24, who completes primary school and basic education, is still limited, with only 30% and 15% respectively. Most of the illiterates and those who drop out of school are the poor living in the rural areas where education system and facilities are not adequately designed and installed.
To help the Cambodian government to achieve its goal, KOICA is putting its efforts on primary education by constructing schools and facilities, and providing appropriate curriculums and school supplies to ensure that all children complete primary schooling. KOICA also helps to develop Cambodia’s vocational training in order for people to get a job and generate incomes by establishing a skills-certification system and dispatching skilled experts in the field.
Transport and Green Energy Infrastructure
Contribute to the construction of transportation facilities and green energy infrastructure to promote regional economic integration, balanced development of the country and an environmentally-friendly, sustainable basis for growth.
After decades of conflict and civil war, most of Cambodia’s infrastructures were seriously destroyed. From Korean’s development experience, KOICA knows that adequate and effective infrastructure will promote investment and other economic activities, and as a result economic growth will be achieved more rapidly.
For this reason, KOICA has been implementing programs for the improvement of transportation system, roads, and power and energy. Furthermore, KOICA supports development of master plan study on various industrial fields.
Korea will make a concerted effort to integrate cross-cutting issues, such as gender equality and environmental sustainability, into the policy development process at the project initiation, formation and evaluation stages. This includes strengthening the strategic connection of cross-cutting issues in each project to comprehensively improve related CMDGs such as CMDG3 (promote gender equality and empower women) and CMDG5 (improve maternal health), focusing on building the basis for sustainable development in consideration of possible environmental effects that could be caused by rapid development and/or climate change in Cambodia, and providing invitational training programs related to cross-cutting issues.
Updated on October 11, 2012